Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

Get access

Long March
(1,006 words)

Superior in numbers and weaponry, the Guomindang (GMD) troops and their warlord allies managed to conquer the Communist bases in central and southern China (CCP-controlled areas) during 1934/35. The retreat of the Red Army developed into "long marches" (changzheng), which had originally neither been planned nor called as such. All in all, there were mainly four armies involved which successively set out from their respective base areas: First Army (October 1934, Central Soviet area Jiangxi); 25th Army (November 1934, southern Henan)…

Cite this page
Kampen, Thomas, “Long March”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

▲   Back to top   ▲