Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(2,433 words)

The concept of Marxism-Leninism arose in the Soviet Union in the mid-1920s, in connection with Stalin's formulation of Leninism as the further development of Marxism. In 1926 Marxism and Leninism were declared equivalent components of the Soviet philosophy. In the following years, the term became generally accepted as the official designation of the Soviet philosophy and of state orthodoxy. Marxism-Lenin…

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Meissner, Werner, “Marxism-Leninism”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 09 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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