Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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As early as the conquest of the Shang Empire by the succeeding Zhou dynasty in the mid-11th century BCE we have a sketchy impression of migration from northwest China into the North China Plain. After that, the wars of the Warring States and repeated incursions of nomads from the north from the 8th to the 3rd century BCE, led to further population shifts and competing repopulations. The first accurate records available are those dating from the unification of the empire by Qin Shihuang who reset…

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Scharping, Thomas, “Migration”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 09 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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