Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,723 words)

1. "New Armies" and Their Establishment after the Opium War

China's modern military history began with China's defeat during the First Opium War (1840-42) as well as with the turmoil of the Taiping Rebellion (1851-64). During the course of these battles, the armies of the Qing dynasty, i.e. the Manchu-Mongol banner troupes (baqijun: Eight Banner Army) and the Han Chinese Green Standard Army (lü ying), suffered devastating defeats and …

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Weggel, Oskar, “Military”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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