Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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National Budget
(2,117 words)

There is only scant information on the volumes and structures of the budgets of the Chinese dynasties. It is likely that, over an extended period of time, the most important source of revenue was taxation, levied on agricultural products. It is known that revenues during the late Tang dynasty were largely characterized by state monopolies on salt, alcohol, and tea. Such state monopolies continued to play a significant role during the Song dynasty, along with …

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Taube, Markus, “National Budget”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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