Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Political System
(6,434 words)

1. Imperial Period

For over 2000 years, the Chinese seriously questioned the concept of the empire neither in political theory nor in practice, and the imperial period (221 BCE to 1911) is thus by far the longest era of Chinese history. The following sketched generalizations, however, must not conceal the fact that China's political system, here understood in the restricted sense of "system of government…

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Emmerich, Reinhard, Cabestan, Jean Pierre, Heilmann, Sebastian and Schubert, Gunter, “Political System”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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