Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(3,414 words)

1. Data Situation

The limits of the traditional census system and the micro-data handed down at the family level allow only for rough estimates of the development of the population during past centuries. Only from 1905 onwards, modern economic and social statistics with better demographic data developed, albeit slowly (statistics).…

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Scharping, Thomas, “Population”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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