Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,947 words)

In its long history, the Chinese state has always propagated what it thought was true and right. Since time immemorial, two important functions of the government were to educate the people and encourage them to emulate certain types of behavior. Nonetheless, the Chinese term for propaganda (xuanchuan) has been developed more recently.

To educate the people by way of example has traditionally been viewed as a more effective method to influence thought and behavior than to use force and punishment. Based on the Confucian conviction that people tend…

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Landsberger, Stefan, “Propaganda”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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