Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(932 words)

Qingdao (Tsingtao) is a port city at the southern coast of the Shandong Peninsula. It occupies an area of 10,654 km2 (including the surrounding areas it administers). Its population in 1997 was 6.9 million (2006: 7.49 million). The actual city area has 2.2 million inhabitants on 1102 km2. Through the incorporation of the rural districts of Jimo, Jiaozhou, and Jiaonan in 1977, as well as Laixi and Pingdu in 1984, Qingdao expanded to its current size.

The origins of Qingdao, today one of the rising coastal cities, lie in the German founding of the city in 1898 (Germany; leased territories).The …

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Matzat, Wilhelm, “Qingdao”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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