Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Real Estate
(838 words)

In April 1990, Deng Xiaoping declared that the creation of a real-estate market would be a crucial aspect of the policy and openness. By the end of the 1990s however, there was still no uniform allocation of real estate according to the mechanism of free competition and prices in the People's Republic (housing, allocation of). Instead, local authorities operate as quasi-monopolies, controlling the market through opaque permit procedures and tariff and price controls. According to Art. 10 of the Constitution, private property is prohibited. In cities, the right to own land is…

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Kittlaus, Martin, “Real Estate”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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