Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Reform Movement of 1898
(1,805 words)

1. Political Development of the Reform Movement

The political reform movement that evolved from the Yangwu movement during the 1890s is primarily associated with the name Kang Youwei. In a memorandum from December 1888 (which, however, never reached the throne), the young scholar and examination candidate had demanded that the government change its methods in light of the impotence it had demonstra…

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Felber, Roland, “Reform Movement of 1898”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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