Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Republic (1912-49)
(1,777 words)

After its demise on the Chinese mainland, the Chinese Republic is referred to as a distinct historical period. It was not a unified, thoroughly organized state structure anchored in time and space, but rather the political and state legislative framework for Chinese governments which emerged in a variety of forms and worked with different degrees of efficiency. In scholarship this period is often regarded as a period of transition during which China's transformation in the direction of a modern …

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Merker, Peter, “Republic (1912-49)”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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