Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Revolution of 1911
(2,289 words)

The first political associations striving from the removal of the Manchu Qing dynasty in the light of the powerlessness of the ossified regime in the face of the growing threat to national sovereignty from foreign powers formed as early as the mid-1880s. The Revive China Society (Xing Zhong hui), founded by Sun Yatsen in Honolulu in November 1894 as a kind of secret society and which in early 1895 had established a branch in Hong Kong, demanded: (1) the expulsion of the Manchu, (2) the rebirth of China, and (3) the establishment of a democrat…

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Felber, Roland, “Revolution of 1911”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 December 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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