Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(3,551 words)

1. Relations before 1949

The relationship between these two vast empires astride the Eurasian heartland has historically been rivalrous, despite certain superficial similarities in size and political-economic structure. The Mongol Golden Horde invaded Russia in the 13th century, burning Moscow and taking Kiev, and they continued to collect tribute for the next 200 years, leaving an historical legacy o…

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Dittmer, Lowell, “Russia”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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