Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,789 words)

Shaan, Qin


107 counties, 13 cities

37.35 million inhabitants

205,600 km2

182 inhabitants/km2

Shaanxi province lies in the transition zone between north and northwest China. Neighboring provinces include Inner Mongolia in the north, Shanxi and Henan in the east, Hubei in the southeast, Sichuan in the south, and Gansu as well as Ningxia in the west. The province consists of three different parts: the Loess Plateau in the north, which is cut by deep gullies and occupies almost half of the province; the We…

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Vermeer, Eduard B., “Shaanxi”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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