Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95
(1,237 words)

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 is a turning point in the modern history of East Asia, with Korea being the cause for conflict. While for the Qing Empire, Korea was part of the Chinese tributary system, Japan insisted on Korea's political independence. The confrontation first culminated when Japan opened up Korea (1876). Since then Japan referred to Korea as an independent state with the same sovereign rights as Japan. When Japan systematically expanded its influence in Korea in the following years, serious complications arose w…

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Wippich, Rolf-Harald, “Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 25 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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