Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45
(1,869 words)

1. The Outbreak and the First Few Years of the War

It is generally accepted that the Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937. On this day, Chinese and Japanese soldiers clashed at the Marco Polo Bridge (Lugouqiao) near Beijing, an event which constituted the culmination of a number of military advances by the Japanese army from Manchuria , which had been occupied since 1931, into northeastern China (Manchukuo). A gun fight which, according to the Japanes…

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Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Susanne, “Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 30 November 2022 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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