Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Social Security
(3,608 words)

1. Social Security before the Founding of the PRC

The main burden of social security has always been carried by the family and the clan; they were the most important institutions in this area. Assistance comprised provision for the old and widows, care for the sick, and employment exchange. Public social security existed only to a limited degree. The needy without relatives were su…

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Krieg, Renate and Schädler, Monika, “Social Security”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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