Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Spatial and Urban Planning
(2,659 words)

Until 1979, economic and planning activities were entirely in the hands of central authorities and ministries in Beijing. The respective state units presumably also followed their own agendas without subjecting themselves to a coordinated plan. Although the State Planning Commission played an important role in the coordination of the different projects, overall control was extremely difficult to achieve, not least owing to the size and heterogeneity of the country.

Until the beginning of the opening up policy spatial economic policies were largely connected to th…

Cite this page
Taubmann, Wolfgang, “Spatial and Urban Planning”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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