Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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State Enterprises
(1,310 words)

Since the founding of the PRC, the state sector developed into the most important instrument for directing and controlling the economy, the state apparatus, and the population. The development of the USSR and experiences in the CCP-controlled areas had served as political models for this process. In the early years between 1949 and 1952 the economic significance of the socialist economy was at about one-fourth of the production value and still small in comparison with its strategic role (electricity, coal, steel, trade, transport).…

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Hebel, Jutta, “State Enterprises”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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