Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

Get access

Township and Village Enterprises
(1,590 words)

The development of township and village enterprises is both a part and a result of the modernization process that started during the late 1970s, although it had already been anticipated in the Maoist developmental model and practiced in some communes. It is the local governments' answer to the problems that were caused by de-collectivization as well as to the opportunities that arose from the reform policies. The Law of the PRC on Township Enterprises from October 29, 1996, includes all enterprises that are rural collective economic organizations, as well as companie…

Cite this page
Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Susanne, “Township and Village Enterprises”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 08 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

▲   Back to top   ▲