Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Underground Literature
(1,410 words)

The underground has its raison d'être in the establishment it undermines. Not all types of establishment culture engender countercurrents, but any underground culture presupposes clear dominance by an establishment. No matter what scope is assigned to underground literature, in modern Chinese history the concept is therefore of particular relevance in the PRC since the 1950s. PRC authorities have consistently attached importance to literature as a tool for disseminating orthodox ideology, and seen se…

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van Crevel, Maghiel, “Underground Literature”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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