Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Vocational Education
(1,792 words)

Art. 14 of the 1996 Vocational Education Law defines vocational education (zhiye jiaoyu) as the entirety of measures aimed at "job-preparation training, vocational re-training, apprentice training, and extended vocational training of employees (on-the-job training)." In China a differentiated system of professional and work-related competence-based education such as this has only been developed as the result of intensive debates about the technical superiority of the "West" since the mid-19th century. Early…

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Henze, Jürgen, “Vocational Education”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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