Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(1,856 words)

Factory workers became a new social force only with the start of the 20th century. Their appearance on the historical stage dates back to the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which ended the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 and granted industrial nations the right to build-up enterprises in China.

1. The First Generation of Workers

In 1894 there were already about 100,000 workers …

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Roux, Alain, “Workers”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 05 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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