Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(973 words)

Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi province and lies in the Wei River valley at the center of the province's Guanzhong region. Like all Chinese cities, its administrative area covers the surrounding countryside. Xi'an includes seven urban districts and six subordinate counties. Its total population in 1996 was 6.6 million (2006: 7.53 million), of whom some three million lived in the urban areas. 3.9 million of the population relied on agriculture for their livelihood. The people of Xi'an are predominantly Han Chinese, but there is a significant number of the Hui Muslim national minority.


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Watson, Andrew, “Xi'an”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 01 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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