Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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(2,612 words)



99 counties, 22 cities

20.5 million inhabitants

1,660,000 km2

12 inhabitants/km2

The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (historical transliteration of Xinjiang: Sinkiang) is situated in the Central-Asian part of China, in the northwest of the country. It is the largest administrative unit in China and borders on Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Indian part of Kashmir, as well as the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces Qinghai and Gansu. Xinjiang is distinctly divided into five regions. From the …

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Christoffersen, Gaye, “Xinjiang”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 26 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018

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