Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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(3,203 words)

A calque, also known as "loan translation", is a word or phrase that is created in (strict or loose) imitation of a model from another language, using native morphemes. The result may also be seen as a "semantic replica" (contrasting with "phonemic replicas", usually called "loanwords"). In a narrow sense, "calque" can be used to refer only to strict imitations of the morphemic structure of the model, or it can be taken more broadly to include less strict imitations (as here). Or it could even include native creations that are semantica…

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Ivo SPIRA, “Calques”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 28 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000049>
First published online: 2015

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