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Chinese Loanwords in Middle Iranian
(2,296 words)

Middle Iranian languages comprise Middle Persian, Parthian, Bactrian, Sogdian, Choresmian, Khotanese, and Tumshuqese. Of these, Sogdian and Khotanese had contact with Chinese of the Táng period (618–906 CE) and borrowed a number of words from Chinese.

Iranian languages belong to the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European and have been spoken in the regions of present-day Iran, Afghanistan, the former Soviet Central Asia, and adjacent areas (Schmitt 1989 and Windfuhr 2009). Broadly speaking, Middle Iranian comprises those languages a…

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Yutaka YOSHIDA, “Chinese Loanwords in Middle Iranian”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 28 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_000169>
First published online: 2015

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