Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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Ergativity in Classical Chinese
(1,669 words)

Ergativity is generally defined as “a grammatical pattern in which the subject of an intransitive clause is treated in the same way as the object of a transitive clause, and differently from a transitive subject” (Dixon 1994:1). In terms of the “three primitive relations” that Dixon identifies as S ‘intransitive subject’, A ‘transitive subject’ and O ‘transitive object’ (Dixon 1994:6), languages in which S and A are treated in the same way, distinct from O, are called nominative-accusative, and …

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William G. BOLTZ, “Ergativity in Classical Chinese”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000143>
First published online: 2015

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