Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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Rukai (Tona) Language
(4,097 words)

1. General Introduction

The Rukai (with a population of 12,000) forms one of the 16 Austronesian ethnic groups of Táiwān and live in the south of Táiwān. In recent years, some have migrated and formed new communities in areas occupied by Páiwān 排灣 and Southern Mǐn 閩 speakers; in 2009, the devastating Morakot typhoon erased entire Rukai villages.

Six mutually unintelligible dialects are distinguished, each dialect corresponding to the name of a village/community: Tanan spoken in t…

Cite this page
Elizabeth ZEITOUN, “Rukai (Tona) Language”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 21 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000258>
First published online: 2015

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