Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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(3,761 words)

1. Features and Definitions 

In an oft-quoted definition of "slang", Dumas and Lighter (1978:14–15) formulated four criteria; any expression meeting at least two of these can be identified as slang:

Its presence will markedly lower, at least for the moment, the dignity of formal or serious speech or writing;
Its use implies the user’s special familiarity either with the refe…

Cite this page
Henning KLÖTER, “Slang”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000390>
First published online: 2015

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