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(1,030 words)

1. Term

The word “manipulation” derives from Lat. manus (hand) and plero (fill). Semantically, it is akin to handling, but with the negative connotation of illegitimate or doubtful modes of handling. Though it may be used with reference to nature, it refers primarily to acts relating to people, whether physical, psychological, or social. One might define it as a deliberate influencing of individuals and groups that are not aware of being influenced or given any option in the …

Cite this page
Valk, Jakob M. M. de, “Manipulation”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 23 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M67>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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