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In the OT ’ādām is a collective term for humanity, a term for the individual, and finally a proper name (Genesis 1–11). Adam stands in a special relation to God, created by him and bearing his image. Adam is the crown of creation (§2) and has almost divine rank (e.g., 1:26–27; 5:3). He is a social being, and God gives him dominion over the rest of creation (1:26–28; 2:18–20). Yet limits are set for him as a creature. He is fully dependent on God and is mortal. The story of the fall (chap. 3) elucidates the essential limitation. Transgression of God’s command brings guilt and punishment (§2), thou…

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Jervell, Jacob, “Adam”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_A65>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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