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Anointing
(1,001 words)

1. OT

In the Near East, anointing is almost as essential as eating and drinking, with the three often occurring together in cuneiform texts. We also find anointing in many cultic and legal records. In the OT the main Hebrew word for “anointing” is māšaḥ, with šemen used most often for “oil.”

Although anointing appears in OT texts of various provenance (e.g., Gen. 28:18; Exodus 40), its primary emphasis is in connection with the appointing of the king (e.g., 2 Sam. 2:4; 5:3). In David’s dynasty anointing quickly established itself as a separate action (1 Kgs. …

Cite this page
Spieckermann, Hermann and Karrer, Martin, “Anointing”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 07 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_A331>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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