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The term “antichrist,” which occurs in the NT only in 1 John 2:18, 22; 4:3; 2 John 7, was coined by primitive Christianity and presupposes the title “Christ” (Christological Titles). Not found in Paul’s letters, “antichrist” represents an eschatological formulation of the second generation of Christians, who faced both internal and external opposition to the Christ, whom they proclaimed as Lord. In the first century there was still no single term for the immanent eschatological opponent of God, Christ, and the church community. Thus 2 Thess. 2:1–12 refers to “the man of lawlessne…

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Karrer, Martin, “Antichrist”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 19 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_A379>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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