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Apologists
(812 words)

The early Christian writers who defended the Christian faith became known as apologists. The first apologies were legal defenses directed to the Roman emperors in the second century. Many of the names of the authors are known, and we have full copies of the apology addressed by Aristides to Hadrian (117–38) and of that of Justin Martyr to Antoninus Pius (138–61). The plea of Athenagoras to Marcus Aurelius (161–80) is similar. The literary form, which was influenced by the current persecutions, reached its height in the North African Tertullian (ca. 160-ca. 225). It then faded out, …

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Mühlenberg, Ekkehard, “Apologists”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 25 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_A493>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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