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1. The Baha’i religion arose in the 19th century in Iran out of the reforming movement of ʿAlī Moḥammad (1819/20–50), known as the Bāb, which was directed against the orthodoxy of the Shiite clergy (Islam). Its founder, Bahāʾ Allāh (1817–92), whose name means “glory of God,” declared that he was a follower of the traditional prophets (§1) seeking to actualize in his own time the spirit of their teaching. He gave written form to his humanitarian, cosmopolitan concept in Al-Kitab al-Aqdas, or Most Holy Book. After his death in exile in Palestine, his son ʿAbd ol-Bahā’ (…

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Klemm, Verena, “Baha’i”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 01 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_B3>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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