Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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Bulls and Briefs
(289 words)

Bulls and briefs are unofficial titles for papal deeds, edicts, and orders, especially before the appearance of Acta sanctae sedis (1865–1908). They represent communications of supreme significance from the standpoint of doctrine and canon law, as well as more localized directions and grants to individuals. They have defined dogma, established law (Canon Law), given decisions, set up or transformed bishoprics, confirmed orders and congregations, pronounced beatification and sainthood, appointed bishops and patrons, conferred benefices, privileges…

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Grote, Heiner, “Bulls and Briefs”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 22 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_B472>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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