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1. The birthdays of rulers were celebrated in the Roman Empire, even after their deaths. Christians naturally felt inclined to honor the birth of their Kyrios (Christological Titles). In the East the commemoration of Christ’s nativity was January 6, the beginning of the solar year. This Feast of Epiphany celebrated especially Jesus’ baptism. When Epiphany spread to the West, it celebrated the visit of the Magi to the Christ child (Matthew 2). About 330 the Roman church assigned December 25 as the birth of Christ. By the turn of the fifth century, the Roman practic…

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Senn, Frank C., “Christmas”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 01 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_C534>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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