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1. NT

1.1. Term

The word “congregation” has become established alongside “church” as English translations of the central NT word “ecclesia” (Gk. ekklēsia, originally meaning “assembly, gathering”). In modern theology a distinction is seen that is materially, though not semantically, based on the NT but that raises ecumenical problems. The congregation is the specific local assembly, whereas the church is the people of God as a universal entity and in its extralocal forms of organization.

1.2. Beginni…

Cite this page
Roloff, Jürgen, Grünberg, Wolfgang, Albrecht, Horst, Rouleau, Jean-Paul and Ritschl, Dietrich, “Congregation”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 26 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_C1157>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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