Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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(3,294 words)

1. Secular Usage

1.1. Definitions

In its most common usage, the word “conservatism” refers to attitudes, worldviews, ideologies, organizations, groups, and social constructs that are fundamentally oriented to preserving the status quo. The specific positions taken vary depending on context, but common to them all are reactionary and defensive principles of resistance to change, progress, and emancipation, of trying to block the effects of the Enlightenment and the expansion of political participation and social equality.


Cite this page
Puhle, Hans-Jürgen and Fahey, Michael A., “Conservatism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 02 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_C1218>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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