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Councils of the Church
(4,143 words)

1. Term

“Council,” as well as the originally synonymous “synod” (from Lat. concilium and Gk. synodos, both meaning “assembly”), refers to gatherings of church representatives for the purpose of discussing matters of faith and order, reaching decisions, and issuing decrees. The Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church use the term “council” mainly for gatherings of bishops…

Cite this page
Schneider, Hans, “Councils of the Church”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 11 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_C1351>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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