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Criticism
(1,448 words)

1. Term

The term “criticism” (from Gk. kritikos, deriving from krinō, “discern; divide”) already in Plato (427–347 b.c.; Platonism) and Aristotle (384–322 b.c.; Aristotelianism) had the two senses that it still bears today: the ability to make logical and legal judgments, and the art of rhetoric and philosophy. These two senses constitute the formal meaning. In the modern era the term also has a substantive meaning of its own.

2. Early History

In antiquity the Romans …

Cite this page
Zimmerli, Walther C., “Criticism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 26 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_C1493>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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