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1. Term

The word “culture” (from Lat. colo, “till, cultivate, honor,” and cultura, “cultivation, training”), even in antiquity, denoted both the outer cultivating of nature and the inner cultivating of the mind and soul (cultura animi). Up to the 18th century the primary reference was to the perfecting of one’s physical, mental, and spiritual qualities.

In the 19th century another meaning was added to this more individual sense. “Culture” now came to …

Cite this page
Zdarzil, Herbert, Girtler, Roland and Bühl, Walter L., “Culture”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_C1549>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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