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Democracy
(3,584 words)

1. Term and History

The term “democracy,” which comes from ancient Greece, literally means “rule by the people.” In political philosophy, democracy was viewed as a form of government. It stood between aristocracy (the rule of the elite) and the negatively viewed ochlocracy (mob rule; Aristotle Pol.).

Classical Greece—or more narrowly the city-state of Athens in the fifth and fourth centuries b.c. up to its subjugation by Philip II of Macedonia and the end of its independence in 338 b.c.—ranked …

Cite this page
Narr, Wolf-Dieter and Strohm, Theodor, “Democracy”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 23 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_D90>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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