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1.1. The Dominican preaching order (Ordo Fratrum Praedicatorum, O.P.) arose between 1206 and 1217 through the vision of Dominic (originally Domingo de Guzmán). Dominic was born in approximately 1170 at Caleruega, Castile, and before 1200 was a canon at the cathedral of Osma. In 1206, with Bishop Diego of Osma, he was in the south of France along with papal legates in the struggle against heresy. Struck by the religious need, he and his bishop aimed to make conversions (§§1–2) and began to preach in the voluntary poverty commended by Innocent III. When Diego returned to Spain, where he…

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Frank O.P., Isnard W., “Dominicans”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 20 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_D426>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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