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Empire and Papacy
(2,432 words)

1. Significance in the Middle Ages

The relation between empire and papacy, their interplay and fundamental rivalry, was basic to both secular and ecclesiastical history in the Middle Ages (§2). The social thinking of Latin Christendom was characterized by the idea that the secular world is ruled by two heads. It differed essentially from that of the Christian…

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Moeller, Bernd, “Empire and Papacy”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 07 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_E228>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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