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(710 words)

1. History

Originally located on the bay of Coressus at the mouth of the Caÿster (Turk. Küçük Menderes) River, the city of Ephesus was refounded by Lysimachus, king of Thrace and Macedonia (306–281 b.c.). When it came under Roman rule in 133 b.c., it was capital of the senatorial province of Asia (29 b.c.-a.d. 297) and, even with competition from Pergamum and Smyrna, the most important and wealthiest city of Asia Minor. The sebasteion, dedicated to Rome (Roman Religion) and Augustus, housed the provincial…

Cite this page
Wischmeyer, Wolfgang, “Ephesus”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_E286>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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