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Ephesus, Council of
(352 words)

The Third Ecumenical Council of Ephesus—the first of which we have records (published by the contending parties)—was called on Pentecost (June 7) 431 by Emperor Theodosius II (408–50), mainly to settle the doctrinal dispute between Nestorius (d. ca. 451) and Cyril of Alexandria (bishop 412–44; Christology 2). But it could not be opened either at the appointed time or even actually at all; there were simply separate sittings of the majority, which supported Cyril and which was later joined by the Roman delegates, and the minority, under th…

Cite this page
Ritter, Adolf Martin, “Ephesus, Council of”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 24 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_E290>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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