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First used academically by F. Galton (1883), the term “eugenics” denotes the attempt to protect the race against degeneration and damage (negative eugenics) and to achieve and, if possible, enhance its development (positive eugenics). Synonyms in various time periods have been “racial hygiene” (A. Ploetz in 1895, dropped after 1945), “propagation hygiene,” and “heredity hygiene.”

Means of negative eugenics are birth control, isolation, and sterilization, while education and marriage and family counseling are means of positive eugenics. The eugenic aims of social an…

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Hübner, Jürgen, “Eugenics”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 16 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_E508>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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